Why Nepal was Never Colonized

Why Nepal Remained independent during the 17th and 18th century

Anglo Nepalese war,A war fought by Brave Neplai warriors

During the 17th and 18th century most of the countries were under  Britain. But Nepal was the only country that remained independent during the 18th century, Nepal was expanding its kingdom in east and west while East India company was colonizing India. East India company wanted to make a trade through Nepal so they made constant efforts to persuade the Nepalese government to allow for trade. During those eras, Nepal was a powerful country as compared to neighbors as it was is in assembled form while other counties were small in size as well as poor in economy.

Some reason behind why Nepal was not colonized during 18 the century:

  • Gorkhas were great warriors and it was very difficult to get victory over them.
  • Geographical condition of Nepal helped in fighting the war 
  • Nepal was economically not much important to Britain and as they found difficult to get victory over them so they come with an idea to make the treaty. 
    Read: 10 Surprising Facts About Nepal

Causes of Anglo Nepal war (Gorkha war):

Nepal government was totally aware of what the East India company was doing in India so the Nepalese government was not in favor of any trade with foreign. The immediate cause of the war
of the Anglo Gorkha war was the dispute over Butwal between East India Company and Nepal. So East India company sent a warning letter to the government of Nepal to left Butwal but government of  Nepal didn't agree to leave and the war started

The main causes of the Anglo Gorkha war:

  • Economical cause: East India company wanted to trade with Tibet through Nepal. When the Nepalese Government did not agree to allow for trade they decided to attack Nepal.
  • Affect in colonizing India: East India Company was expanding its power of control all over India while Nepal was uniting and was expanding towards India which caused adverse impact colonizing India.
  • Climatic Cause: As British Armies were habited to cold environment and India was not favorable for them so they were in search of place from where they can take all control and has good climatic conditions and Nepal had a similar environment.

Anglo-Gorkha war:

The Anglo-Nepalese War also known as the Gurkha War fought between the Kingdom of Gorkha and the East India Company started on 1 November 1814 and ended with the Sugauli treaty in 1816  considered as one of the most important treaties in the history of Nepal. During the war, Britain loosed many troops while Nepal lost not much. You can imagine from this how brave were Gorkhas only 70 soldiers( including old peoples, children and around 30 -40 adult) led by Balbhadra Kunwar killed around 1000–1500 British at Nalapani(Was part of Nepal currently of India, great Gorkha warrior fought at this place to defend Nepal).

So, finally, when east India company realized that they had to lose many soldiers to invade Nepal the war came to the end making Sugauli Treaty at Singha Durbar, Kathmandu, Nepal first discussed in 1921 and the final treaty signed in 1923 December 21. Nepal loosed one-third of its party as a consequence of the treaty. As Britain was in search of cold places so they took places such as Nalapani, Kumau, Gadwal, Darjiling.

consequences of the Sugauli treaty:

  • Nepal loosed one-third of Nepalese territory like Sikkim in the east, Kumaon and Garhwal in the west and some terai in the south.
  • Friendship between Nepal and Britain
  • Britain would be allowed to recruit Gurkhas for military service.

Read about: Most unique and irregular flag of world

Map of great Nepal :

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  1. Why did Nepal have to give up the lands if it had won the war as claimed by you Sir? The reason is below. You lost that war. Please don't rewrite history through your patriotic rose tinted glasses. Accept the facts. Now read below:
    Unification of Nepal under Prithvi Narayan Shah, Nepal attempted to enlarge its domains, conquering much of Sikkim in the east and, in the west, the basins of Gandaki and Karnali and the Uttarakhand regions of Garhwal and Kumaon. This brought them in conflict with the British, who controlled directly or indirectly the north Indian plains between Delhi and Calcutta. A series of campaigns termed the Anglo-Nepalese War occurred in 1814–1816. In 1815 the British general Ochterlony evicted the Nepalese from Garhwal and Kumaon across the Kali River,[1][2] ending their 12-year occupation, which is remembered for its brutality and repression.[3][4]

    Octherlony offered peace terms to the Nepalese demanding British suzerainty in the form of a protected state and the delimitation of Nepal's territories corresponding roughly to its present day boundaries. The Nepalese refusal to accede to the terms led to another campaign the following year, targeting the Kathmandu Valley, after which the Nepalese capitulated.[5][6]

    Terms Edit
    Historian John Whelpton writes:

    Negotiations for a general settlement produced a draft which was initialled at Sagauli in Bihar in December 1815 and required Nepal to give up all territories west and east of its present-day borders, to surrender the entire Tarai and to accept a permanent British representative (or 'resident') in Kathmandu. The Nepalese government initially balked at these terms, but agreed to ratify them in March 1816 after Ochterloney occupied the Makwanpur Valley only thirty miles from the capital.[7]

    Qouted from Wikipedia.


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